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National Historic Sites 

A National Historic Site usually contains a single historical feature that was directly associated with its subject. Derived from the Historic Sites Act of 1935, a number of historic sites were established by secretaries of the Interior, but most have been authorized by acts of Congress. At present, there are 79 national historic sites in the National Park System.

Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site
An early 19th century Kentucky cabin, symbolic of the one in which Lincoln was born, is preserved in a memorial building at the site of his birth.

Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site
Operated between 1834-1854, the first railroad built over the Allegheny Mts. played a critical role in opening the interior of the U.S. to trade and settlement.

Andersonville National Historic Site
The largest Confederate military prison established during the Civil War. Includes a national cemetery with more than 17,000 interments.

Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
Preserves two homes, tailor shop, and grave site of the 17th President, who served from 1865 to 1869. Virtual visitor center includes chronology and suggested readings.

Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site
Features reconstruction of original trading post built in the early 1830's that became a major trading site for Plains Indian tribes and trappers.

Boston African-American National Historic Site
Includes 15 pre-Civil War structures relating to the history of Boston's 19th century African-American community, linked by the 1.6-mile Black Heritage Trail.

Brown vs. Board of Education National Historic Site
The 1954 landmark Supreme Court decision to end racial segregation in the public schools is commemorated here.

Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site
Connemara was the farm home of the noted poet-author for the last 22 years of his life.

Central High School National Historic Site
A symbol of the national struggle over school desegregation, where in 1957 the Governor of Arkansas attempted to defy the federal government by preventing nine African American students (The Little Rock Nine) from attending the school.

Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Honors Charles Pinckney (1757-1824), who fought in the Revolutionary War and became one of the principal framers of the Constitution.

Christiansted National Historic Site
18th and the 19th century structures commemorate colonial development in the heart of the capital of the former Danish West Indies on St. Croix Island.

Clara Barton National Historic Site
Commemorates the life of Clara Barton, the founder of the American Red Cross.

Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site
The life and work of this American author are portrayed in a three-building complex where Poe lived, 1843-44.

Edison National Historic Site
Thomas Edison's research and development laboratory and his 29-room residence (Glenmont) were home to the inventor from 1887 until 1931.

Eisenhower National Historic Site
The only home ever owned by Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife, Mamie.

Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site
Features the furnished home of the Eleanor Roosevelt ("Val-Kill Cottage") and Stone Cottage, built for her by FDR in 1925.

Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site
Eugene O'Neill, Nobel Prize winning playwright and the architect of modern American theater, lived at Tao House in the hills above Danville from 1937 to 1944.

First Ladies National Historic Site
This Canton, Ohio, park was established to preserve and interpret the role and history of First Ladies in American history. The site will consist of two properties: 331 Market Avenue South, the home of First Lady Ida Saxton McKinley, and 205 Market Avenue South, the City National Bank Building. Site will be managed through a cooperative agreement with the National First Ladies Library, a nonprofit corporation. In planning stages; no web site available.

Ford's Theatre National Historic Site
On April 14, 1865, President Lincoln was shot while attending a show here. Museum contains portions of the Olroyd Collection of Lincolniana.

Fort Bowie National Historic Site
Established in 1862, this fort was the focal point of the military operations against Geronimo and his band of Apaches.

Fort Davis National Historic Site
Soldiers from Fort Davis assisted in opening the area to settlement and protected travelers along the San Antonio-El Paso Road from 1854 to 1891.

Fort Laramie National Historic Site
Established in 1834 as a fur trading post, it later served as a major military post that guarded wagon trails to the West (1849-90).

Fort Larned National Historic Site
Established in 1859 to protect the mail and travelers along the Santa Fe Trail. With 9 restored buildings, it is one of the best examples of Indian Wars period forts.

Fort Point National Historic Site
Constructed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1853 and 1861 to prevent entrance of a hostile fleet into San Francisco Bay.

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site
The first English settlement in North America was attempted here (1585-87). The fate of Sir Walter Raleigh's "Lost Colony" remains a mystery to this day.

Fort Scott National Historic Site
Established in 1842 as a base for the Army's peace-keeping efforts along the "Permanent Indian Frontier," fort was manned by dragoon and infantry soldiers.

Fort Smith National Historic Site
One of the first U.S. military posts established in the Louisiana Territory served as a base of operations for enforcing federal government Indian policy (1817-1896).

Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
The longest lasting fur trading post in the continental U.S. (1828-67) and one of the principal depots in the Upper Missouri River region.

Fort Vancouver National Historic Site
From 1825 to 1849, it was the western headquarters of the Hudson's Bay Company's fur trading operations and a cultural and commercial center in the Pacific Northwest.

Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
From 1877 to 1895 this was the home of the nation's leading 19th century African-American spokesman.

Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site
Features the home and office of Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903), conservationist, landscape architect, and city planner.

Friendship Hill National Historic Site
Preserves country estate of Albert Gallatin, a Swiss emigrant and Secretary of the Treasury (1801-13) during Jefferson and Madison administrations.

Golden Spike National Historic Site
Site of the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the U.S., where the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads met in 1869.

Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site
Commemorates the Western cattle industry from 1850s through recent times. Maintained as a working ranch, site includes 1,500 acres and 90 structures.

Hampton National Historic Site
Preserves Hampton Hall, one of the largest and most ornate Georgian mansions built in America during the later part of the 18th century.

Harry S Truman National Historic Site
Known as the "Summer White House" during the Truman Administration, it was the home of the 33rd President from 1919 until his death in 1972.

Herbert Hoover National Historic Site
Features birthplace, Friends Meetinghouse, and boyhood neighborhood of 31st President, grave site of President & Mrs. Hoover, & Presidential Library and Museum.

Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site
Springwood was the birthplace, lifetime residence, and "Summer White House" of the 32nd President.

Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site
One of the finest examples of a rural American 19th century iron plantation. Includes a blast furnace, the ironmaster's mansion, and auxiliary structures.

Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site
The oldest continuously operating trading post on the Navajo Reservation was established in 1878 by John Lorenzo Hubbell. The trading post is still active today.

James A. Garfield National Historic Site
Preserves the property associated with the 20th President of the United States, who served from March 4, 1881, until his death on September 19, 1881.

Jimmy Carter National Historic Site
Includes President Carter's residence, boyhood home, school and the railroad depot, which served as his campaign headquarters during the 1976 election.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site
House is the birthplace and early boyhood home of the 35th President.

John Muir National Historic Site
Preserves the 17-room mansion where naturalist and Sierra Club founder John Muir lived from 1890 until his death in 1914.

Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site
Includes remnants of historic and prehistoric American Indian villages, last occupied in 1845 by the Hidatsa and Mandan.

Lincoln Home National Historic Site
Abraham Lincoln lived in this home for 17 years (1844-1861) before becoming President.

Longfellow National Historic Site
Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow lived here from 1837 to 1882. George Washington used the house as his headquarters during the siege of Boston, 1775-76.

Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site
Commemorates the life of an ex-house slave's daughter who became a bank president and a leading figure in the Richmond black community.

Manzanar National Historic Site
Best preserved of ten camps at which Japanese American citizens and Japanese aliens were interned during World War II.

Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site
Includes the birthplace, church, and grave of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., civil rights leader.

Martin Van Buren National Historic Site
Lindenwald was the retirement home of the eighth U.S. President, Martin Van Buren, from 1841 until his death July 24, 1862.

Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site
Headquarters of the National Council of Negro Women, it commemorates Bethune's leadership in the black women's rights movement from 1943 to 1949.

Minuteman Missile National Historic Site
Preserves and interprets the Minuteman II launch facility in South Dakota which will tell the story of how the Minuteman Missile played a strategic role in the defense of our country during the Cold War.

Nicodemus National Historic Site
The area preserves, protects and interprets the only remaining western town established by African Americans during the Reconstruction Period following the Civil War. 

Ninety Six National Historic Site
This important colonial backcountry trading village is the scene of Nathanael Greene's siege in 1781.

Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site
Preserves the large battlefield on which the first battle of the 1846-48 Mexican War took place.

Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site
Includes section of Pennsylvania Ave and adjacent area between the Capitol and the White House, including Ford's Theatre NHS and the Old Post Office Tower.

Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site
Preserves ruins of Pu'ukohola Heiau ("Temple on the hill of the whale"), built by King Kamehameha the Great during the period of his ascendancy to power.

Sagamore Hill National Historic Site
Theodore Roosevelt's home from 1886 until his death in 1919, including the "Summer White House" from 1901-09.

Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site
This 18th-century church, completed in 1787, is associated with the trial of John Peter Zenger and the fight for freedom of the press.

Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site
Includes the home, gardens, and studios of Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848-1907), one of America's foremost sculptors.

Salem Maritime National Historic Site
The first national historic site recalls the maritime history of New England and the U.S.

San Juan National Historic Site
Recognized as a World Heritage Site, park includes three Spanish-built fortresses and five kilometers of historic city walls.

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
Commemorates the 1864 massacre of 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians by Colonel John M. Chivington and 700 U.S. volunteer soldiers along the banks of Big Sandy Creek in southeastern Colorado. 

Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site
Site of the first integrated ironworks in North America (1646-68), featuring a reconstructed blast furnace, forge, rolling mill, and a restored seventeenth century house.

Springfield Armory National Historic Site
Preserves the history of the first National Armory, 1794 - 1968.

Steamtown National Historic Site
Interprets the story of main line steam railroading between 1850 and 1950 and includes historic railroading buildings, some dating from 1865.

Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site
The 26th President was born here on October 27, 1858, and spent the first 13 years of his life here.

Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site
Theodore Roosevelt was inaugurated as 26th President of the U.S. on September 14, 1901, in the Ansley Wilcox House after the assasination of President McKinley.

Thomas Stone National Historic Site
The plantation of Haberdeventure was the home of Thomas Stone, one of Maryland's four signers of the Declaration of Independence.

Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site
Preserves Moton Field, the small Alabama airport that served as a training site in World War II for the all-black air corps unit known as the Tuskegee Airmen. 

Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
Booker T. Washington founded this college for African Americans in 1881. Site includes his home and the George Washington Carver Museum.

Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site
Ulysses S. Grant lived on this Saint Louis County estate in the years before the Civil War.

Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site
Built by Frederick W. Vanderbilt, mansion is a fine example of homes built by 19th-century millionaires.

Washita Battlefield National Historic Site
Protects and interprets the site of the Southern Cheyenne village of Peace Chief Black Kettle that was attacked by the 7th U.S. Cavalry under Lt. Col. George A. Custer in 1868.

Weir Farm National Historic Site
Includes the summer home and studio of American Impressionist painter Julian Alden Weir (1852-1919) and the studio of sculptor Mahonri Young (1877-1957).

Whitman Mission National Historic Site
Commemorates the mission of Marcus and Narcissa Whitman at Waiilatpu, an important way station in the early days of the Oregon Trail.

William Howard Taft National Historic Site
The only person to serve as both President (1909-13) and Chief Justice of the United States (1921-30) was born and raised in this restored home.

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